Spermatic vein embolization with hot contrast material: fertility results.
Spermatic venography with hot contrast material embolization was undertaken in 81 patients with varicoceles and infertility. Long-term follow-up information was available in 91% of the patients, and there was an overall conception rate of 40.5%. Embolization with hot contrast material was easily performed without special embolization devices and proved to be a safe and effective technique.
Smith, TP; Hunter, DW; Cragg, AH; Darcy, MD; Castaneda-Zuniga, WR; Sinclair, TR; Ercole, C; Hulbert, JC; Kaye, KW; Amplatz, K
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