Adnexal masses: MR imaging observations at 1.5 T, with US and CT correlation.
To assess the role of 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in evaluation of the adnexa, 43 consecutive examinations that revealed 61 adnexal masses were retrospectively reviewed. T1- and T2-weighted images in coronal, axial, and/or sagittal planes were included. Available ultrasound (US) (n = 30) and/or computed tomographic (CT) (n = 9) scans were then correlated with the MR images. On T2-weighted images at least part of all adnexal masses was of higher signal intensity than surrounding muscle and adipose tissue, and therefore the adnexal masses were best seen with these sequences. T1-weighted imaging improved tissue characterization by revealing signal characteristics of fat in teratomas and characteristics of blood in endometriomas or hemorrhagic cysts, pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian carcinomas, serous cystadenomas, and teratomas. MR imaging provided additional information or increased diagnostic confidence in 25 of 30 patients who underwent US or CT. MR imaging is a promising problem-solving modality after US in the study of adnexal abnormalities.
Mitchell, DG; Mintz, MC; Spritzer, CE; Gussman, D; Arger, PH; Coleman, BG; Axel, L; Kressel, HY
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