Pharmacomechanical thrombolysis of experimental pulmonary emboli: Rapid low-dose intraembolic therapy

Journal Article

We utilized low-dose intraembolic urokinase (UK) infusions in a canine model of experimental pulmonary embolism (PE) and compared the arteriographic extent of thrombolysis with three other treatment regimens. Group 1 animals (n=16) received the intraembolic UK infused directly into the PE offering the mechanical effect of the infusion combined with pharmacologic thrombolysis. In the group 2 animals (n=5), UK was delivered via a guide catheter placed proximal to the clot. Group 3 animals (n=6) were treated with a direct intraembolic saline solution infusion. Group 4 (n=7) received only intravenous heparin. The arteriographic extent of thrombolysis was graded 1+ to 3+. The extent of thrombolysis was 2.88+ in the group 1 animals and was significantly greater than in groups 2, 3, or 4 (p=0.003, 0.0005, and 0.0001, respectively). Fibrinogen levels did not significantly decrease with intraembolic treatment (p=0.07). Delivery of UK directly into emboli in an experimental canine PE model appears to elicit a combined mechanical and pharmacologic effect resulting in extensive thrombolysis.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tapson, VF; Gurbel, PA; Witty, LA; Pieper, KS; Stack, RS

Published Date

  • 1994

Published In

  • Chest

Volume / Issue

  • 106 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1558 - 1562

PubMed ID

  • 7956418