Investigation of crystal geometries for fiber coupled gamma imaging intra-operative probes
In this work, gamma sensitive intra-operative imaging detectors using CsI(Na), CsI(Tl) and NaI(Tl) scintillators coupled through optical fibers were investigated with simulations and measurements. Three coupling methods were employed between the detectors and optical fiber imaging array: discrete crystals coupled one-to-one with the fibers; discrete crystals coupled through a light diffuser to an unmatched fiber array; and continuous, light sharing crystals coupled directly to the fiber optic array. The discrete crystals were arranged in 4×4 element arrays of sizes ranging from 1×1×2.5 mm3 up to 2×2×6 mm3. CsI(Na) had the best pulse height and single crystal energy resolution (44% at 140 keV) when coupled through fibers to the MC-PMT photodetector. All discrete arrays were completely resolved, indicating that the intrinsic spatial resolution corresponded to the crystal size. The spatial resolution for the 12.5 mm φ×3.5 mm continuous crystals was approximately 1.2 mm FWHM, with relative pulse heights of 1.5 to 5.5 times lower than for the discrete array detectors.
Tornai, MP; Levin, CS; MacDonald, LR; Hoffman, EJ
Ieee Nuclear Science Symposium &Amp; Medical Imaging Conference
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