[Potential role of presenilin 1 in regulation of synaptic function].
(English Abstract;Journal Article)
One of the earliest neuropathological symptoms of Alzheimer's disease is the loss of synapses, which preceed the formation of amyloidosis and neurodegeneration. Although most cases of early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease are caused by mutations in the presenilin 1 (PS1) gene, the functions of PS1 and its role in synaptic disfunction are not yet completely understood. In this paper we analysed of the intracellular and extracellular distribution of PS1 in the cultures of mouse cortical embryonic neurons. We found that PS1 is concentrated on the surface of the growth cone and at neurite contact sites. PS1 was also found in synapses where it is co-localized with synaptophysin. Independent evidense of involvement of PS1 in synaptic function we obtained by transfection of neurons with GFP-PS1 cDNA. GFP was colocalized with synaptophysin in transfected cultures. GFP-immunoprecepitates from transfected neurons contained processed N-cadherin. This result presents an additional proof of involvment PS1 in synapse formation. To evaluate the role of PS1 inactivation in the synaptic functions, we compare synaptic density in neuronal cell cultures from PS1 knockout mice PS1 (-/-) and wild type mice PS1 (+/+). Our results clearly show that PS1 (-/-) displayed a low number of morphological synapses in comparing with wild type culture PS1 (+/+). In summary, our results indicate a role of PS1 in synaptic function.
Shvartsman, AL; Sarantseva, SV; Vitek, MP
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