Comparison of ST-segment deviation to scintigraphically quantified myocardial ischemia during acute coronary occlusion induced by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
This study compared ST-segment changes during acute coronary artery occlusion with measurements of ischemia by myocardial scintigraphy. Forty patients who were referred for elective prolonged percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty underwent 12-lead electrocardiographic recording before the procedure (baseline) and continuously during the entire balloon inflation (occlusion). For each patient, the summed ST-segment deviation was calculated as the maximal absolute difference, elevation or depression, between baseline and occlusion recordings in all 12 leads. Each patient underwent 2 myocardial scintigraphies, 1 with technetium-99m sestamibi injected during the balloon inflation and 1 on the following day as a control study. Ischemia that was induced by balloon occlusion was quantified in terms of extent and severity. Results for the entire study group showed that summed ST deviation correlated with extent (r = 0.59, p < 0.0001) and severity (r = 0.61, p < 0.0001) of ischemia. The location of maximal ST deviation differed for the 3 arteries. For occlusion of the left anterior descending artery, maximal ST deviation was elevated in lead V3. For occlusion of the left circumflex artery, maximal ST deviation was depressed in lead V2. Occlusion of the right coronary artery caused ST elevation in lead III and ST depression in lead V2. In conclusion, this study demonstrated a significant correlation between summed ST deviation and myocardial ischemia during coronary occlusion that is induced by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
Persson, E; Pettersson, J; Ringborn, M; Sörnmo, L; Warren, SG; Wagner, GS; Maynard, C; Pahlm, O
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