Development and prognosis of non-Q-wave myocardial infarction in the thrombolytic era.
BACKGROUND: Data on non-Q myocardial infarctions (MI) are derived primarily from prethrombolytic era studies. Previous trials demonstrated different development rates and none reported on clinical outcomes. METHODS: Our goal was to determine the incidence and prognosis of non-Q-wave MI among patients with ST-segment elevation receiving thrombolysis. A retrospective analysis of 5 randomized controlled trials was made. The main outcome measures included rates of (1) transformation of ST-segment elevation to Q- and non-Q-wave MI and (2) inhospital and 1-year mortality and reinfarction among patients who subsequently develop a Q or non-Q MI postthrombolysis as compared to controls. RESULTS: Non-Q wave development was greater among patients receiving thrombolysis versus placebo/control (3.1% absolute difference, 95% CI 1.2%-5.0%). Among patients receiving thrombolysis, those who developed a non-Q MI experienced significantly lower inhospital and 1-year mortality (absolute differences -3.8% [95% CI -5.2% to -2.4%] and -6.4% [95% CI -9.9% to -3.0%], respectively) and reinfarction (absolute differences -2.9% [95% CI -4.3% to -1.6%] and -3.5% [95% CI -6.1% to -0.9%], respectively) rates, compared with those who evolved a Q MI. Inhospital and 1-year mortality was also significantly lower when compared to placebo/control patients who developed a non-Q MI (absolute differences 4.6% [95% CI -8.2% to -1.1%] and -7.5% [95% CI -12.5% to -2.5%], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving thrombolysis more often develop a non-Q-wave MI and have a better prognosis than either those who develop a Q MI postthrombolysis or a non-Q MI after standard medical therapy.
Goodman, SG; Barr, A; Langer, A; Wagner, GS; Fitchett, D; Armstrong, PW; Naylor, CD
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