New vectorcardiographic criteria for diagnosing right ventricular hypertrophy in mitral stenosis: comparison with electrocardiographic criteria.
Frank-lead vectorcardiograms (VCGs) and standard 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) were analyzed to develop simple, linear, quantitative criteria for the diagnosis of right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH). The study subjects included a population with a definite RVH (84 patients with mitral stenosis proved by cardiac catheterization and pulmonary arterial systolic pressure > 40 mm Hg) and a population with minimal likelihood of RVH (173 young, healthy volunteers and 151 normal subjects proved by cardiac catheterization). VCGs were evaluated to identify criteria that provided maximum sensitivity and at least a 95% specificity: the maximum QRS magnitude had to be < 1.8 mV and either (1) the amplitude at -45 degrees (transverse plane) had to be < 0.3 mV or (2) the maximum anterior amplitude plus the maximum rightward amplitude minus the amplitude at -45 degrees must be greater than or equal to 0.5 mV. Application of these criteria achieved 60% (50 of 84) sensitivity in patients with RVH, similar to that for previous VCG criteria but significantly better (p < 0.01) than the best sensitivity with any ECG criteria (27%, 23 of 84). The specificity of the proposed criteria was 96% (310 of 324), significantly better (p < 0.001) than the 78% specificity (252 of 324) of existing VCG criteria. Thus, linear measurements of the QRS complex displayed on the VCG identify 60% of patients with moderate-to-severe RVH and falsely indicate RVH in only 4% of normal subjects.
Cowdery, CD; Wagner, GS; Starr, JW; Rogers, G; Greenfield, JC
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