Effects of pulse shaping in laser spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance.
Pulsed excitation fields are routinely used in most laser and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. In the NMR case, constant amplitude (rectangular) pulses have traditionally been used; in laser spectroscopy the exact pulse shape is often unknown or changes from shot to shot. This article is an overview of the effects of radio-frequency and laser pulse shapes and the instrumental requirements for pulse shaping. NMR applications to selective excitation, solvent suppression, elimination of phase roll, and reduced power dissipation are discussed, as are optical applications to soliton generation, velocity selective excitation, and quantitative population transfer.
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