A synthetic biology approach to understanding cellular information processing.

Journal Article (Review)

The survival of cells and organisms requires proper responses to environmental signals. These responses are governed by cellular networks, which serve to process diverse environmental cues. Biological networks often contain recurring network topologies called "motifs". It has been recognized that the study of such motifs allows one to predict the response of a biological network and thus cellular behavior. However, studying a single motif in complete isolation of all other network motifs in a natural setting is difficult. Synthetic biology has emerged as a powerful approach to understanding the dynamic properties of network motifs. In addition to testing existing theoretical predictions, construction and analysis of synthetic gene circuits has led to the discovery of novel motif dynamics, such as how the combination of simple motifs can lead to autonomous dynamics or how noise in transcription and translation can affect the dynamics of a motif. Here, we review developments in synthetic biology as they pertain to increasing our understanding of cellular information processing. We highlight several types of dynamic behaviors that diverse motifs can generate, including the control of input/output responses, the generation of autonomous spatial and temporal dynamics, as well as the influence of noise in motif dynamics and cellular behavior.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Riccione, KA; Smith, RP; Lee, AJ; You, L

Published Date

  • September 21, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 1 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 389 - 402

PubMed ID

  • 23411668

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2161-5063

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/sb300044r

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States