4-Fluorobenzylamine and phenylalanine methyl ester conjugates of 2-nitroimidazole: evaluation as hypoxic cell radiosensitizers.

Journal Article

We have synthesized two 2-nitroimidazole derivatives and evaluated their hypoxic radiosensitization properties. The first, a 4-fluorobenzylamine conjugate of 2-nitroimidazole (PK-110), was designed so that it could also be labeled with the F-18 and used for positron emission tomographic imaging of hypoxia. The second, the L-phenylalanine methyl ester conjugate of 2-nitroimidazole (PK-130), was designed in an attempt to exploit amino acid transport channels to enhance drug transport into the tumor. The effects of these drugs (and SR-2508, for comparison) in vitro on the aerobic and hypoxic radiosensitivity of Chinese hamster V79 cells were evaluated using clonogenic assays. PK-130 and PK-110 at 0.1 and 1.0 mM were more efficient hypoxic cell radiosensitizers than obtained with 1.0 mM SR-2508. Marginal aerobic radiosensitization was observed for 1.0 mM treatment with PK-130 and PK-110, however, no aerobic radiosensitization was observed at 0.1 mM. Glutathione (GSH) depletion (less than 5% of control levels) by L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) further enhanced the SER for both PK-130 and PK-110 at 0.1 mM to 3.2 +/- 0.63 and 2.4 +/- 0.16, respectively. The results of this study encourage the in vivo tumor radiosensitization evaluation of PK-130 and PK-110.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Garg, PK; Garg, S; Degraff, WG; Zalutsky, MR; Mitchell, JB

Published Date

  • 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 593 - 596

PubMed ID

  • 1531220

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0360-3016

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States