Treatment of rheumatoid synovitis of the knee with intraarticular injection of dysprosium 165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregates.

Published

Journal Article

One hundred eight knees of 93 patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis and persistent synovitis of the knee were treated with an intraarticular injection of 270 mCi of dysprosium 165 bound to ferric hydroxide macroaggregate. Leakage of radioactivity from the injected joint was minimal. Mean leakage to the venous blood 3 hours after injection was 0.11% of the injected dose; this corresponds to a mean whole body dose of 0.2 rads. Mean leakage to the liver 24 hours after injection was 0.64% of the injected dose; this corresponds to a mean liver dose of 3.2 rads. In 7 additional patients examined, there was negligible or near negligible activity found in the draining inguinal lymph nodes. One-year followup was possible for 74 knees (63 patients). Sixty-one percent of the knees had good results, 23% had fair results, and 16% had poor results. There was a direct correlation between the radiographic stage and response to treatment. In knees with stage I radiographic changes, 72% showed good results; 93% showed improvement. In knees with stage II changes, 59% showed good results; 81% showed improvement. These preliminary results indicate that dysprosium 165-ferric hydroxide macroaggregate is an effective agent for radiation synovectomy. The low leakage rates observed offer a definite advantage over agents previously used.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sledge, CB; Zuckerman, JD; Zalutsky, MR; Atcher, RW; Shortkroff, S; Lionberger, DR; Rose, HA; Hurson, BJ; Lankenner, PA; Anderson, RJ

Published Date

  • February 1, 1986

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 153 - 159

PubMed ID

  • 3006701

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3006701

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0004-3591

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/art.1780290201

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States