Hospital length of stay in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
PURPOSE: Substantial heterogeneity in hospital length of stay exists among patients admitted with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Furthermore, little is known about the factors that impact length of stay. METHODS: We examined 39,107 non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients admitted to 351 Acute Coronary Treatment Intervention Outcomes Network Registry-Get With The Guidelines hospitals from January 1, 2007-March 31, 2009 who underwent cardiac catheterization and survived to discharge. Length of stay was categorized into 4 groups (≤2, 3-4, 5-7, and ≥8 days), where prolonged length of stay was defined as >4 days. RESULTS: The overall median (25(th), 75(th)) length of stay was 3 (2, 5) days. Patients with a length of stay of >2 days were older with more comorbidities, but were less likely to receive evidence-based therapies or percutaneous coronary intervention. Among the factors associated with prolonged length of stay >4 days were delay to cardiac catheterization >48 hours, heart failure or shock on admission, female sex, insurance type, and admission to the hospital on a Friday afternoon or evening. Hospital characteristics such as academic versus nonacademic or urban versus rural setting, were not associated with prolonged length of stay. CONCLUSION: Patients with longer length of stay have more comorbidities and in-hospital complications, yet paradoxically, are less often treated with evidence-based medications and are less likely to receive percutaneous coronary intervention. Hospital admission on a Friday afternoon or evening and delays to catheterization appear to significantly impact length of stay. A better understanding of factors associated with length of stay in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is needed to promote safe and early discharge in an era of increasingly restrictive health care resources.
Vavalle, JP; Lopes, RD; Chen, AY; Newby, LK; Wang, TY; Shah, BR; Ho, PM; Wiviott, SD; Peterson, ED; Roe, MT; Granger, CB
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