Differential alteration of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) mRNA in the central nervous system of hens treated with diisopropylphosphorofluoridate (DFP).


Journal Article

A single dose (1.7 mg/kg, s.c.) of diisopropylphosphorofluoridate (DFP) causes organophosphorus ester-induced delayed neurotoxicity (OPIDN) in susceptible species. We studied the effects of DFP administration on the mRNA expression of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), an important glycolytic protein at different time points (1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 days) post-treatment. Total RNA was extracted from cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem, midbrain, and spinal cord of the control and DFP-treated hens, and northern blots were prepared using standard protocols and hybridized with GAPDH, as well as beta-actin and 28S RNA cDNA (control) probes. There was a distinct spatial/temporal mRNA expression pattern for the different tissues studied. Non-susceptible tissue, cerebrum showed a dramatic increase in GAPDH mRNA at day 1, post-treatment and levels remained high at all time points, suggestive of protective mechanisms from the beginning. In contrast, highly susceptible tissues like brainstem, spinal cord and midbrain showed either no elevation or slight down-regulation at day 1, suggesting trauma and cell injury/cell death. Overall, there was moderate level of induction during the subsequent time points in these tissues, indicative of pathways of either recovery or degeneration. Cerebellum being the less susceptible tissue showed moderate increase initially, followed by higher induction, suggestive of rapid recovery. Our current data on GAPDH provides an important link in this complex network of molecular changes involving pathways identified by our group and others, such as nitric oxide (NO), CaM kinase-II (CaMK-II), protein kinase-A (PKA), c-fos, and phosphorylated-CREB (p-CREB) in DFP-induced OPIDN.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Damodaran, TV; Abdel-Rahman, A; El-Sourady, MH; Abou-Donia, MB

Published Date

  • April 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 40 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 371 - 379

PubMed ID

  • 11792468

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11792468

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0197-0186

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0197-0186(01)00070-5


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England