High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of pyridostigmine bromide, nicotine, and their metabolites in rat plasma and urine.
This study reports on the development of a rapid and simple method for the determination of the antinerve agent drug pyridostigmine bromide (3-dimethylaminocarbonyloxy-N-methyl pyridinium bromide) (PB), its metabolite N-methyl-3-hydroxypyridinium bromide, nicotine (S-1-methyl-5-(3-pyridyl)-2-pyrrolidine), and its metabolites nornicotine (2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidine) and cotinine (S-1-methyl-5-(3-pyridyl)-2-pyrrolidone) in rat plasma and urine. The compounds are extracted and eluted by methanol and acetonitrile using C18 Sep-Pak cartridges and separated using high-performance liquid chromatography by a gradient of methanol, acetonitrile, and water (pH 3.2) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min in a period of 14 min. UV detection was at 260 nm for nicotine and its metabolites and at 280 nm for PB and its metabolite. The limits of detection ranged between 20 and 70 ng/mL, and the limits of quantitation were 50-100 ng/mL. The average percent recovery of five spiked plasma samples were 85.7 +/- 7.3%, 80.4 +/- 5.8%, 78.9 +/- 5.4%, 76.7 +/- 6.4%, and 79.7 +/- 5.7% and for urine were 85.9 +/- 5.9%, 75.5 +/- 6.9%, 82.6 +/- 7.9%, 73.6 +/- 5.9%, and 77.7 +/- 6.3% for nicotine, nornicotine, cotinine, PB, and N-methyl-3-hydroxypyridinium bromide, respectively. The calibration curves for standard solutions of the compounds of peak areas and concentration are linear for a range between 100 and 1,000 ng/mL. This method is applied in order to analyze the previously mentioned chemicals and metabolites following their oral administration in rats.
Abu-Qare, AW; Abou-Donia, MB
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