Simultaneous determination of pyridostigmine bromide, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, permethrin, and their metabolites in rat plasma and urine by high-performance liquid chromatography.
A rapid and simple method was developed for the separation and quantification of the anti nerve agent drug pyridostignmine bromide (PB; 3-dimethylaminocarbonyloxy-N-methyl pyridinium bromide) its metabolite N-methyl-3-hydroxypyridinium bromide, the insect repellent DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), its metabolites m-toluamide and m-toluic acid, the insecticide permethrin (3-(2,2-dichloro-ethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid(3-phenoxyphenyl)methylester), and two of its metabolites m-phenoxybenzyl alcohol, and m-phenoxybenzoic acid in rat plasma and urine. The method is based on using C18 Sep-Pak cartridges for solid-phase extraction (SPE) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with reversed-phase C18 column, and gradient UV detection ranging between 208 and 230 nm. The compounds were separated using gradient of 1 to 99% acetonitrile in water (pH 3.20) at a flow-rate ranging between 0.5 and 1.7 ml/min in a period of 17 min. The retention times ranged from 5.7 to 14.5 min. The limits of detection were ranged between 20 and 100 ng/ml, while limits of quantitation were 150-200 ng/ml. Average percentage recovery of five spiked plasma samples were 51.4+/-10.6, 71.1+/-11.0, 82.3+/-6.7, 60.4+/-11.8, 63.6+/-10.1, 69.3+/-8.5, 68.3+/-12.0, 82.6+/-8.1, and from urine 55.9+/-9.8, 60.3+/-7.4, 77.9+/-9.1, 61.7+/-13.5, 68.6+/-8.9, 62.0+/-9.5, 72.9+/-9.1, and 72.1+/-8.0, for pyridostigmine bromide, DEET, permethrin, N-methyl-3-hydroxypyridinium bromide, m-toluamide, m-toluic acid, m-phenoxybenzyl alcohol and m-phenoxybenzoic acid, respectively. The relationship between peak areas and concentration was linear over the range between 100 and 5000 ng/ml. This method was applied to analyze the above chemicals and metabolites following their administration in rats.
Abu-Qare, AW; Abou-Donia, MB
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