Altered time course of mRNA expression of alpha tubulin in the central nervous system of hens treated with diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate (DFP).
Diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate (DFP) produces organophosphorus-ester induced delayed neurotoxicity (OPIDN) in the hen, human and other sensitive species. We studied the effect of single dose of DFP (1.7 mg/kg/s.c.) on the expression of alpha tubulin which is one of the major sub-unit of tubulin polymers that constitute an important constituent of cellular architecture. The hens were sacrificed at different time points i.e. 1, 2, 5, 10, and 20 days. Total RNA was extracted from the following brain regions: cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem as well as spinal cord. Northern blots prepared using standard protocols were hybridized with alpha tubulin as well as with beta-actin and 28S RNA cDNA (controls) probes. The results indicate a differential/spatial/temporal regulation of alpha tubulin levels which may be the result of perturbed microtubule dynamics not only in the axons but also in perikarya of neurons in the CNS of DFP treated hens. In the highly susceptible tissues like brainstem and spinal cord the initial down-regulation of mRNA levels could be attributed to DFP induced stress response resulting in inhibited cell metabolism and or cell injury/cell death. Increase in levels of mRNA at 5 days and thereafter coincided with increased tubulin transport which may be due to increased phosphorylation of tubulins in both axons and perikarya and other intraaxonal changes resulting in impaired axonal transport. DFP induced decreased rate of tubulin polymerization resulting in increased levels of free tubulin monomers may be involved in the altered alpha tubulin mRNA expression at different time points by autoregulatory circuits. Cerebellum being the less susceptible tissue showed only a moderate decline at day 2, while the alpha tubulin remained at near control levels at day 1. Delayed down-regulation may be due to the co-ordinated up or down-regulation of different sub-types of alpha and beta tubulins as well as the differential response of specialised cell types in cerebellum. Continuous overexpression of alpha tubulin in cerebrum from the beginning may be its effective protective strategy to safeguard itself from neurotoxicity. Differential expression pattern observed could be due to the differential susceptibility and variability in the rate of axonal transport of different regions besides the tubulin heterogenity of CNS. Hence our results indicte differential expression of alpha tubulin is either one of the reasons for the development of OPIDN or the result of progressive changes taking place during OPIDN.
Damodaran, TV; Abdel-Rahman, A; Abou-Donia, MB
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