High performance liquid chromatographic determination of diazinon, permethrin, DEET (N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide), and their metabolites in rat plasma and urine.
A rapid method was developed for the analysis of the insecticide (A) diazinon (O,O-diethyl O-2-isopropyl-6-methylpyridimidinyl) phosphorothioate, its metabolites (B) diazoxon (O,O-diethyl O-2-isopropyl-6-methylpyridimidinyl) phosphate, and (C) 2-isopropyl-6-methyl-4-pyrimidinol, the insecticide (D) permethrin [3-(2,2-dichloro-ethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid (3-phenoxyphenyl)methylester], its metabolites (E) m-phenoxybenzyl alcohol, and (F) m-phenoxybenzoic acid, the insect repellent (G) DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), and its metabolites (H) m-toluamide and (I) m-toluic acid in rat plasma and urine. The method is based on using C18 Sep-Pak cartridges (Waters Corporation, Milford, Mass., U.S.A.) for solid phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography with a reversed phase C18 column, and absorbance detection at 230 nm for compounds A, B, and C, and at 210 nm for compounds D-I. The compounds were separated using a gradient from 1% to 99% acetonitrile in water (pH 3.0) at a flow rate ranging between 1 and 1.7 mL/min in a period of 17 min. The limits of detection were ranged between 20 and 100 ng/mL, while limits of quantification were 80-200 ng/mL. The relationship between peak areas and concentration was linear over a range of 100-1000 ng/mL. This method was applied to determine the above insecticides and their metabolites following dermal administration in rats.
Abu-Qare, AW; Abou-Donia, MB
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