Purification and characterization of cytochrome P450 isozymes from beta-naphthoflavone-induced adult hen liver.
Cytochromes P450 beta NF-A, beta NF-B, and beta NF-C were purified from beta-naphthoflavone-treated adult hens. Cytochrome P450 beta NF-A, however, appeared at two places in the purification scheme. They were designated as cytochromes P450 beta NF-A1 and beta NF-A2 for property comparison. The cytochromes beta NF-A1 and beta NF-A2 were induced by both phenobarbital and beta-naphthoflavone treatment and were similar to P450 PB-A (previously purified from phenobarbital-induced hen livers) in molecular weights, isoelectric pH, spectral properties, behavior on chromatography columns, catalysis of substrates, immunological cross-reactivity on Ouchterlony plates and by immunoblotting, and NH2-terminal amino acid sequence. However, P450 PB-A differed from beta NF-A1/beta NF-A2 in peptide pattern after partial proteolysis by alpha-chymotrypsin and Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease, and complete digestion of 125I-labeled cytochromes by trypsin. The cytochrome P450 PB-A also differed from beta NF-A1/beta NF-A2, in that its antibodies cross-reacted with P-450 of normal, PB-, and beta-NF-induced rabbit liver microsomes. The cytochromes beta NF-B and beta NF-C, although immunochemically cross-reactive with each other, were distinct enzymes on the basis of molecular weights, spectral characteristics, isoelectric pH, peptide pattern on partial proteolysis, tryptic peptide pattern, cross-reactivity of their antibodies with other species, and NH2-terminal amino acid sequence. The most notable difference between beta NF-B and beta NF-C was that the anti-beta NF-C IgG completely inhibited O-dealkylation of 7-methoxyresorufin and 7-ethoxyresorufin by beta-NF-induced microsomes. These activities increased 40- to 50-fold in beta-NF-induced microsomes as compared to only 2- to 4-fold in PB-treated hens. The amino-terminal sequences of beta NF-B and beta NF-C were different from those of mammalian and other nonmammalian species.
Gupta, RP; Lapadula, DM; Abou-Donia, MB
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