Cross-linking of neurofilament proteins of rat spinal cord in vivo after administration of 2,5-hexanedione.
The aliphatic hexacarbons n-hexane, methyl-n-butyl ketone, and 2,5-hexanedione are known to produce a peripheral neuropathy that involves an accumulation of 10-nm neurofilaments above the nodes of Ranvier in the spinal cord and peripheral nerve. In this study, rats were treated with 0.5% 2,5-hexanedione in drinking water for 180 days, and their spinal cord neurofilaments were isolated after development of the neuropathy. Visualization by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed a significant reduction in content of the neurofilament triplet proteins in treated animals and the presence of bands migrating at 138K and 260K that were not present in control animals. Analysis of the lanes using immunoblotting procedures and anti-70K, anti-160K, and anti-210K neurofilament antibodies revealed many cross-linked peptides. The 138K band cross-reacted with the anti-160K neurofilament antibody. This suggests that the 138K band is an intramolecular cross-link of the 160K neurofilament subunit. In addition to this peptide, there were numerous high-molecular-weight peptides immunoreactive with all three neurofilament protein antibodies. In addition to cross-linking, there was also a diminished amount of immunoreactive breakdown product of all three neurofilament proteins. This report demonstrates direct evidence of 2,5-hexanedione-induced cross-linking of neurofilament proteins in vivo, which maybe responsible for the accumulation of neurofilament proteins pathognomic of this neuropathy.
Lapadula, DM; Irwin, RD; Suwita, E; Abou-Donia, MB
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