Analysis of n-hexane, 2-hexanone, 2,5-hexanedione, and related chemicals by capillary gas chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography.
Analytical methods, using capillary gas chromatography and normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, were developed for the analysis of the neurotoxic chemicals n-hexane, 2-hexanone, and 2,5-hexanedione and their suspected metabolites. Two gas chromatographic methods, using a 50-m glass capillary OV 101 column and cyclohexane as an internal standard, were employed. In both methods, the injector and detector temperatures were 220 and 280 degrees C, respectively. In method I the following temperature program was used: isothermic at 50 degrees C for 30 min, followed by a temperature increase of 10 degrees C/min to a final temperature of 180 degrees C, which was then maintained for 7 min. This method was used to analyze the following compounds: n-hexane, 2,5-dimethylfuran, 2-hexanone, 3-hexanone, hexanal, 1-hexanol, 2-hexanol, 3-hexanol, 5-hydroxy-2-hexanone, gamma-valerolactone, 2,5-hexanedione, and 2,5-hexanediol. Method II, which was developed for n-hexane and eight of its more common metabolites, used the following temperature program: isothermic at 70 degrees C for 15 min, followed by a temperature increase of 40 degrees C/min to a final temperature of 220 degrees C, which was maintained for 5 min. A linear relationship between peak area and amount injected was observed over a 100-fold range. The minimum detectable amounts ranged from 0.05 to 1 microgram, depending on the compound. Normal-phase HPLC, using a 5-micron silica cartridge fitted into an RCM-100 radial-compression separation system, was utilized to analyze 2-hexanone and its metabolites 2,5-dimethylfuran, gamma-valerolactone, 5-hydroxy-2-hexanone, and 2,5-hexanedione.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Nomeir, AA; Abou-Donia, MB
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