Effects of ethanol, Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, or their combination on object recognition memory and object preference in adolescent and adult male rats.

Published

Journal Article

Recent advances have been made in our understanding of the deleterious effects of both ethanol and THC on adolescent behavior and brain development. However, very little is known about the combined effects of EtOH+THC during adolescence, a time in which these drugs are often used together. The purpose of this experiment was to: (1) determine whether EtOH and/or THC induced greater working memory impairment in adolescent than adult male rats using the novel object recognition (NOR) task and (2) determine whether the EtOH+THC combination would produce a more potent additive effect in adolescents than adults when compared to these drugs alone. NOR was performed with a 24h delay under each of the four drug conditions: vehicle; 1.5g/kg ethanol; 1.0mg/kg THC; and 1.5g/kg EtOH+1.0mg/kg THC, at 72h intervals. The results show that there was an age effect on working memory in NOR after the EtOH+THC challenge. Specifically, adolescent animals showed a preference for the familiar object whereas adults showed no preference for the novel or familiar object, the latter being characteristic of a classic working memory deficit. These effects were not dependent on changes in exploration across session, global activity across drug condition, or total object exploration. These novel findings clearly indicate that further understanding of this age-drug interaction is crucial to elucidating the influence that adolescent EtOH+THC use may have on repeated drug use and abuse later in life.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Swartzwelder, NA; Risher, ML; Abdelwahab, SH; D'Abo, A; Rezvani, AH; Levin, ED; Wilson, WA; Swartzwelder, HS; Acheson, SK

Published Date

  • October 3, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 527 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 11 - 15

PubMed ID

  • 22959891

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22959891

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-7972

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.neulet.2012.08.037

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Ireland