Toll-like receptor 1 polymorphisms increase susceptibility to candidemia.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Candidemia is a severe invasive fungal infection with high mortality. Recognition of Candida species is mediated through pattern recognition receptors such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs). This study assessed whether genetic variation in TLR signaling influences susceptibility to candidemia. METHODS: Thirteen mostly nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes encoding TLRs and signaling adaptors MyD88 and Mal/TIRAP were genotyped in 338 patients (237 white, 93 African American, 8 other race) with candidemia and 351 noninfected controls (263 white, 88 African American). The SNPs significant in univariate analysis were further analyzed with multivariable logistic regression to determine association with clinical outcomes. Functional consequences of these polymorphisms were assessed via in vitro stimulation assays. RESULTS: Analyses of TLR SNPs revealed that 3 TLR1 SNPs (R80T, S248N, I602S) were significantly associated with candidemia susceptibility in whites. This association was not found in African Americans, likely due to lower power in this smaller study population. Furthermore, these TLR1 polymorphisms displayed impaired cytokine release by primary monocytes. No associations with susceptibility to candidemia were observed for SNPs in TLR2, TLR4, TLR6, TLR9, MyD88, or TIRAP. CONCLUSIONS: Nonsynonymous SNPs in TLR1 are associated with impaired TLR1 function, decreased cytokine responses, and predisposition to candidemia in whites.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Plantinga, TS; Johnson, MD; Scott, WK; van de Vosse, E; Velez Edwards, DR; Smith, PB; Alexander, BD; Yang, JC; Kremer, D; Laird, GM; Oosting, M; Joosten, LAB; van der Meer, JWM; van Dissel, JT; Walsh, TJ; Perfect, JR; Kullberg, BJ; Netea, MG

Published Date

  • March 15, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 205 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 934 - 943

PubMed ID

  • 22301633

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3282566

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-6613

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/infdis/jir867


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States