Deficiency of heme-regulated eIF2alpha kinase decreases hepcidin expression and splenic iron in HFE-/- mice.
Heme-regulated eIF2alpha kinase (HRI) is essential for regulating globin translation in iron deficiency and in beta-thalassemia. We investigated the role of heme-regulated eIF2alpha kinase in hemoglobin and red blood cell production as well as in iron homeostasis in a mouse model of iron overload. We show that HRI deficiency does not significantly affect red cell parameters of hemochromatosis (HFE(-)(/)(-)) mice. Importantly, heme-regulated eIF2alpha kinase deficiency exacerbates decreases in hepcidin expression and splenic macrophage iron in HFE(-)(/)(-) mice. Furthermore, the serum level of bone morphogenic protein 2, which positively regulates hepcidin, is reduced in heme-regulated eIF2alpha kinase deficiency, but not in HFE deficiency.
Liu, S; Suragani, RNVS; Han, A; Zhao, W; Andrews, NC; Chen, J-J
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