Defining oppositional defiant disorder.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: ICD-10 and DSM-IV include similar criterial symptom lists for conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), but while DSM-IV treats each list separately, ICD-10 considers them jointly. One consequence is that ICD-10 identifies a group of children with ODD subtype who do not receive a diagnosis under DSM-IV. METHODS: We examined the characteristics of this group of children using the Great Smoky Mountains Study of children in the community aged 9-16. This study provided child and parent reports of symptoms and psychosocial impairment assessed with standardised diagnostic interviews. RESULTS: Children who received an ICD-10 diagnosis but not a DSM-IV diagnosis showed broadly similar levels of psychiatric comorbidity, delinquent activity and psychosocial impairment to those who met DSM-IV criteria in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that DSM-IV excludes from diagnosis children who receive an ICD-10 diagnosis of CD (ODD sub-type), and who are substantially disturbed. Methods of redressing this situation are considered.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rowe, R; Maughan, B; Costello, EJ; Angold, A

Published Date

  • December 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 46 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1309 - 1316

PubMed ID

  • 16313431

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16313431

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1469-7610

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9630

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01420.x

Language

  • eng