Peer effects in medical school

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Using data on the universe of students who graduated from US medical schools between 1996 and 1998, we examine whether the abilities and specialty preferences of a medical school class affect a student's academic achievement in medical school and his choice of specialty. We mitigate the selection problem by including school-specific fixed effects, and show that this method yields an upper bound on peer effects for our data. We estimate positive peer effects that disappear when school-specific fixed effects are added to control for the endogeneity of a peer group. We find no evidence that peer effects are stronger for blacks, that peer groups are formed along racial lines, or that students with relatively low ability benefit more from their peers than students with relatively high-ability. However, we do find some evidence that peer groups form along gender lines. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Arcidiacono, P; Nicholson, S

Published Date

  • February 1, 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 89 / 2-3

Start / End Page

  • 327 - 350

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0047-2727

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2003.10.006

Citation Source

  • Scopus