Off-pump coronary artery bypass with bivalirudin for patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia or antiplatelet factor four/heparin antibodies.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the use of bivalirudin as an alternative anticoagulant in patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia-thrombotic syndrome (HIT/TS) or antiplatelet factor four-heparin (anti-PF4/H) antibodies undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). METHODS: In a prospective, open-label, multicenter study, fifty-one patients with documented anti-PF4/H antibodies and (or) HIT/TS underwent OPCAB with bivalirudin anticoagulation (0.75 mg/kg i.v. bolus, 1.75 mg/kg/hour infusion). Procedural success (absence of death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and stroke), bleeding, and transfusion at day seven/discharge, thirty days, and twelve weeks were assessed. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients (67%) were included with positive anti-PF4/H antibodies and no thrombocytopenia or thrombosis, eleven patients (22%) had thrombocytopenia, and five patients had clinical HIT/TS (10%). Procedural success at seven days/discharge was achieved in forty-seven patients (92%), while procedural success at thirty days and twelve weeks was 88%. There were no deaths. Chest tube output over the first twenty-four hours was 936 +/- 525 mL and twenty-five patients received a red blood cell transfusion during their hospitalization. Two patients required reexploration for persistent postoperative hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS: Bivalirudin was an effective alternative anticoagulant for patients with HIT/TS or circulating anti-PF4/H antibodies undergoing OPCAB, with high rates of procedural success and an acceptable incidence of bleeding or transfusions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dyke, CM; Aldea, G; Koster, A; Smedira, N; Avery, E; Aronson, S; Spiess, BD; Lincoff, AM

Published Date

  • September 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 84 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 836 - 839

PubMed ID

  • 17720385

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17720385

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-6259

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2007.04.007

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands