Echocardiographic analysis of dysfunctional and normal myocardial segments before and immediately after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Echocardiography has revealed evidence of "subnormal" regional contraction patterns that result from myocardial ischemia and are often accompanied by nonadjacent "hyperkinetic" regions. Whether these regions of hyperkinetic wall motion persist unchanged or revert to normal after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has not been studied in humans. Using echocardiography, we evaluated both dysfunctional and normal myocardial regions for changes in segmental wall motion and percent of systolic wall thickening that occurred immediately after CABG surgery in 32 patients. Segmental wall motion analysis before CABG surgery in these patients revealed that 170 (66%) of 256 myocardial segments were subnormal, of which 115 (67%) improved and 102 (60%) returned to normal immediately after CABG surgery. Eleven myocardial segments that were hyperkinetic before CABG surgery returned to normal after CABG surgery. Preoperatively, 162 (63%) of 256 myocardial segments had systolic wall thickening less than 30%, which increased from 11.8% +/- 8.9% to 24.3% +/- 14.3% (mean +/- SD) (P less than 0.01) postoperatively. Conversely, a reverse trend was found when systolic wall thickening was greater than 30% before CABG surgery: thickening decreased from 46.2% +/- 13.8% to 33.4% +/- 14.8% after CABG surgery (P less than 0.01). Thus, we conclude that immediately after CABG surgery, there is a recovery of function in some myocardial segments and a reduction in function in others. Furthermore, we conclude that the semiquantitative assessment of percent of systolic wall thickening is a more reliable (consistent) echocardiographic index of myocardial function compared with the qualitative assessment of segmental wall motion immediately after CABG surgery.
Voci, P; Bilotta, F; Aronson, S; Scibilia, G; Caretta, Q; Mercanti, C; Marino, B; Thisted, R; Roizen, MF; Reale, A
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