The prediction of change: normative neuropsychological trajectories.


Journal Article

While the application of normative standards is vital to the practice of clinical neuropsychology, data regarding normative change remains scarce despite the frequency of serial assessments. Based on 285 normal individuals, we provide co-normed baseline data with demographic adjustments and test-retest standardized regression based (SRB) models for three time points for several measures. These models delineate normal, expected change across time, and yield standardized z-scores that are comparable across tests. Using a new approach, performance on any previous trial was accounted for in the subsequent models of change, yielding serial normative formulas that model change trajectories rather than simple change from point to point. These equations provide indices of deviation from expected baseline and change for use in clinical or research settings.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Attix, DK; Story, TJ; Chelune, GJ; Ball, JD; Stutts, ML; Hart, RP; Barth, JT

Published Date

  • January 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 21 - 38

PubMed ID

  • 18720272

Pubmed Central ID

  • 18720272

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1744-4144

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/13854040801945078


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England