Pain coping skills training and lifestyle behavioral weight management in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled study.

Journal Academic Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Overweight and obese patients with osteoarthritis (OA) experience more OA pain and disability than patients who are not overweight. This study examined the long-term efficacy of a combined pain coping skills training (PCST) and lifestyle behavioral weight management (BWM) intervention in overweight and obese OA patients. Patients (n=232) were randomized to a 6-month program of: 1) PCST+BWM; 2) PCST-only; 3) BWM-only; or 4) standard care control. Assessments of pain, physical disability (Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales [AIMS] physical disability, stiffness, activity, and gait), psychological disability (AIMS psychological disability, pain catastrophizing, arthritis self-efficacy, weight self-efficacy), and body weight were collected at 4 time points (pretreatment, posttreatment, and 6 months and 12 months after the completion of treatment). Patients randomized to PCST+BWM demonstrated significantly better treatment outcomes (average of all 3 posttreatment values) in terms of pain, physical disability, stiffness, activity, weight self-efficacy, and weight when compared to the other 3 conditions (Ps<0.05). PCST+BWM also did significantly better than at least one of the other conditions (ie, PCST-only, BWM-only, or standard care) in terms of psychological disability, pain catastrophizing, and arthritis self-efficacy. Interventions teaching overweight and obese OA patients pain coping skills and weight management simultaneously may provide the more comprehensive long-term benefits.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Somers, TJ; Blumenthal, JA; Guilak, F; Kraus, VB; Schmitt, DO; Babyak, MA; Craighead, LW; Caldwell, DS; Rice, JR; McKee, DC; Shelby, RA; Campbell, LC; Pells, JJ; Sims, EL; Queen, R; Carson, JW; Connelly, M; Dixon, KE; Lacaille, LJ; Huebner, JL; Rejeski, WJ; Keefe, FJ

Published Date

  • June 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 153 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1199 - 1209

PubMed ID

  • 22503223

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-6623

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.pain.2012.02.023

Language

  • eng

Citation Source

  • PubMed