Autocrine Semaphorin3A stimulates eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-dependent RhoA translation in breast tumor cells.
Translation of the small G protein RhoA in neurons is regulated by the eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E. Here we show that this translation factor also regulates RhoA expression and activity in breast cancer cells. The introduction of eIF4E into breast tumor cells increased RhoA protein levels, while expression of an eIF4E siRNA reduced RhoA expression. Previous studies indicate that the axon repulsion factor Semaphorin3A (Sema3A) stimulates the eIF4E-dependent translation of RhoA in neurons, and breast tumor cells support autocrine Sema3A signaling. Accordingly, we next examined if autocrine Sema3A signaling drives eIF4E-dependent RhoA translation in breast cancer cells. The incubation of breast tumor cells with recombinant Sema3A rapidly increased eIF4E activity, RhoA protein levels, and RhoA activity. This Sema3A activity was blocked in tumor cells expressing an shRNA-specific for the Sema3A receptor, Neuropilin-1 (NP-1), as well as in cells incubated with an eIF4E inhibitor. Importantly, RhoA protein levels were reduced in Sema3A shRNA-expressing compared to control shRNA-expressing breast tumor cells, demonstrating that autocrine Sema3A increases RhoA expression in breast cancer. Considering that Sema3A suppresses axon extension by stimulating RhoA translation, we next examined if the Sema3A/RhoA axis impacts breast tumor cell migration. The incubation of control breast tumor cells, but not RhoA shRNA-expressing cells, with rSema3A significantly reduced their migration. Collectively, these studies indicate that Sema3A impedes breast tumor cell migration in part by stimulating RhoA. These findings identify common signaling pathways that regulate the navigation of neurons and breast cancer cells, thus suggesting novel targets for suppressing breast tumor cell migration.
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