The effect of zinc deficiency and food restriction on prostaglandin E2 and thromboxane B2 in saliva and plasma of rats.
Zinc has been implicated in the regulation of prostaglandins and other arachidonic acid derivatives. Studies of zinc-deficient animals, however, are compromised by concomitant reduction in food intake that may also alter eicosanoid levels in body tissues and fluids. In this study, three groups of rats, designated as zinc-deficient, pair-fed and control, were fed diets containing 1 ppm, 15 ppm (in amounts paired to deficient rats) and 15 ppm Zn ad libitum, respectively, for 6 weeks. Saliva and blood were analyzed for PGE2 and TXB2 by radioimmunoassay. Saliva concentrations of both eicosanoids were lower (p less than 0.05) in the pair-fed animals, but not significantly altered by zinc deficiency. Plasma levels of PGE2 and TXB2 were unchanged by either zinc deficiency or food restriction. The results of this study support the contention that the effect of zinc on these prostaglandins is not mediated by altered rates of synthesis or degradation but rather by effects on eicosanoid function.
Bales, CW; Wang, MC; Freeland-Graves, JH; Pobocik, RS
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