Extended storage of AS-1 and AS-3 leukoreduced red blood cells for 15 days after deglycerolization and resuspension in AS-3 using an automated closed system.
BACKGROUND: The utilization of cryopreserved red blood cell (RBC) units had been limited by a maximum postdeglycerolization storage of 24 hours at 1 to 6 degrees C until the recent development of a closed system for the glycerolization and deglycerolization process. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty leukoreduced additive solution (AS), AS-1 (n = 30) and AS-3 (n = 30) RBC units from 500-mL whole blood (WB) collections were stored for 6 days, glycerolized, frozen at -70 +/- 5 degrees C for at least 14 days, thawed, deglycerolized, and stored for 15 days at 1 to 6 degrees C. Glycerolization and deglycerolization were performed with the ACP 215. In-vitro variables were tested before glycerolization, on Day 0, and Day 15 after deglycerolization storage. Forty donors were assessed for double-label 24-hour percent recovery, and T1/2 survival time was measured for 20 donors. RESULTS: Postdeglycerolization mean +/- standard deviation in-vitro RBC mass recoveries were 93 +/- 5 percent for AS-1 and 95 +/- 4 percent for AS-3. Mean hemoglobin +/- standard deviation after deglycerolization was 50.5 +/- 5.5g for AS-1 and 50.1 +/- 3.5g for AS-3. Mean hemolysis (Day 15) was 0.36 +/- 0.11 percent for AS-1 and 0.38 +/- 0.13 percent for AS-3. Double-label 24-hour in-vivo recoveries were 82.5 +/- 7.8 percent for AS-1 and 81.4 +/- 7.1 percent for AS-3. The 51Cr T1/2 value was 41.8 +/- 3.97 for AS-1 and 40.6 +/- 7.11 for AS-3. Other in-vitro variables were as expected. CONCLUSION: Leukoreduced AS-1 and AS-3 RBCs after frozen storage at -70 +/- 5 degrees C can be stored for up to 14 days when processing is performed with the ACP 215 system with resuspension of deglycerolized RBCs in AS-3.
Bandarenko, N; Hay, SN; Holmberg, J; Whitley, P; Taylor, HL; Moroff, G; Rose, L; Kowalsky, R; Brumit, M; Rose, M; Sawyer, S; Johnson, A; McNeil, D; Popovsky, MA
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