Regulation of M2-type pyruvate kinase mediated by the high-affinity IgE receptors is required for mast cell degranulation.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: M2-type pyruvate kinase (M2PK) was found to interact directly with the 'ITAM' region of the gamma chain of the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcvarepsilonRI). Our hypothesis was that mast cell degranulation might require the FcvarepsilonRI-mediated inhibition of M2PK activity. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: In rat basophilic leukaemia (RBL-2H3) cells, the effects of directly inhibiting M2PK or preventing the FcvarepsilonRI-mediated inhibition of M2PK (disinhibition) on degranulation was measured by hexosaminidase release. Effects of blocking the FcvarepsilonRI-mediated inhibition of M2PK was also assessed in vivo in a mouse model of allergen-induced airway hyper-responsiveness. KEY RESULTS: Activation of FcvarepsilonRI in RBL-2H3 cells caused the rapid phosphorylation of tyrosine residues in M2PK, associated with a decrease in M2PK enzymatic activity. There was an inverse correlation between M2PK activity and mast cell degranulation. FcvarepsilonRI-mediated inhibition of M2PK involved Src kinase, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, PKC and calcium. Direct inhibition of M2PK potentiated FcvarepsilonRI-mediated degranulation and prevention of the FcvarepsilonRI-mediated inhibition of M2PK attenuated mast cell degranulation. Transfection of RBL-2H3 cells with M1PK which prevents FcvarepsilonRI-induced inhibition of M2PK, markedly reduced their degranulation and exogenous M1PK (i.p.) inhibited ovalbumin-induced airway hyper-responsiveness in vivo. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: We have identified a new control point and a novel biochemical pathway in the process of mast cell degranulation. Our study suggests that the FcvarepsilonRI-mediated inhibition of M2PK is a crucial step in responses to allergens. Moreover, the manipulation of glycolytic processes and intermediates could provide novel strategies for the treatment of allergic diseases.
Ryu, H; Walker, JKL; Kim, S; Koo, N; Barak, LS; Noguchi, T; Kang, BY; Kim, K-M
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