Feasibility of cardiac microimpedance measurement using multisite interstitial stimulation.
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that analyses of central interstitial potential differences recorded during multisite stimulation with a set of interstitial electrodes provide sufficient data for accurate measurement of cardiac microimpedances. On theoretical grounds, interstitial current injected and removed using electrodes in close proximity does not cross the membrane, whereas equilibration of intracellular and interstitial potentials occurs distant from electrodes widely separated. Multisite interstitial stimulation should therefore give rise to interstitial potential differences recorded centrally that depend on intracellular and interstitial microimpedances, allowing independent measurement. Simulations of multisite stimulation with fine (25 microm) and wide (400 microm) spacing in one-dimensional models that included Luo-Rudy dynamic membrane equations were performed. Constant interstitial and intracellular microimpedances were prescribed for initial analyses. Discrete myoplasmic and gap-junctional components were prescribed intracellularly in later simulations. With constant microimpedances, multisite stimulation using 29 total electrode combinations allowed interstitial and intracellular microimpedance measurements at errors of 0.30% and 0.34%, respectively, with errors of 0.05% and 0.40% achieved using 6 combinations and 10 total electrodes. With discrete myoplasmic and junctional components, comparable accuracy was maintained following adjustments to the junctions to reflect uncoupling. This allowed uncoupling to be quantified as relative increases in total junctional resistance. Our findings suggest development of microfabricated devices to implement the procedure would facilitate routine measurement as a component of cardiac electrophysiological study.
Pollard, AE; Smith, WM; Barr, RC
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)