Sampling rates required for digital recording of intracellular and extracellular cardiac potentials.
Electrocardiograms and cardiac electrograms now frequently are measured for both clinical and experimental purposes by direct digital sampling, with no recording of the signal in analog form. This study examined the question of what sampling rates were required to measure accurately the continuous waveforms from the digital samples. Body surface waveforms and intracellular and extracellular waveforms measured directly from cardiac tissues were evaluated. Cardiac measurements included waveforms from the atrium, ventricle, atrioventricular transmission system and individual Purkinje strands. Sampling rates as high as 15,000 samples/sec were required to record accurately extracellular waveforms of the ventricular conduction system. Decreasing sampling rates were required as the recording site shifted through the ventricle to the body surface, where sampling rates as high as 1500 samples/sec were necessary.
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