Overview of the effectiveness of triple combination therapy in antiretroviral-naive HIV-1 infected adults.
AIM: To estimate the effectiveness of triple combination therapy in antiretroviral-naive adults. METHODS: A systematic overview of results from clinical trials involving triple combination therapy with dual nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) and: a protease inhibitor (PI triple); a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI triple); or a third NRTI (triple NUC). Data from 23 clinical trials involving 31 independent treatment groups, 19 unique antiretroviral regimens, and 3257 enrolled patients were included in this study. RESULTS: Median log(10) baseline plasma HIV RNA and CD4 cell count over all trials averaged 4.69 (49,329 copies/ml) and 375 x 10(6) cells/l, respectively. The overall estimated percentage of patients with plasma HIV RNA < or = 400 copies/ml at 24 weeks was 64% [95% confidence interval (CI), 60 to 67%]. The percentages of patients with plasma HIV RNA < or = 50 copies/ml at 48 weeks by drug class were: PI triple, 46% (95% CI, 41 to 52%); NNRTI triple, 51% (95% CI, 43 to 59%); triple NUC, 45% (95% CI, 36 to 54%). The CD4 cell count increase over all trials at 24 and 48 weeks averaged +123 x 10(6) cells/l (95% CI, 111 x 10(6) to 135 x 10(6) cells/l) and +160 x 10(6) cells/l (95% CI, 146 x 10(6) to 175 x 10(6) cells/l), respectively and did not differ between drug classes. In multivariable regression analysis, neither baseline plasma HIV RNA level and CD4 cell count nor treatment regimen predicted plasma HIV RNA < or = 50 copies/ml at week 48. However, pill count was significantly negatively associated with plasma HIV RNA < or = 50 copies/ml at week 48 (P = 0.0085). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that three drug regimens containing two NRTI with a PI, a NNRTI, or a third NRTI may provide comparable activity, and practical issues such as daily pill burden should be considered when choosing a treatment regimen.
Bartlett, JA; DeMasi, R; Quinn, J; Moxham, C; Rousseau, F
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