Antiretroviral monotherapy in early stage human immunodeficiency virus disease has no detectable effect on virus load in peripheral blood and lymph nodes.


Journal Article

Initiation of antiretroviral monotherapy early in the course of infection with human immunodeficiency virus may result in a temporary slowing in the rate of disease progression; however, little is known about the virologic effects of early therapy. Virus load was measured in peripheral blood and lymph nodes from 16 antiretroviral-naive patients with a mean CD4 T lymphocyte count of 659 cells/microliter at baseline and after 8 weeks of either no treatment or zidovudine therapy. CD4 T lymphocyte counts and all virologic parameters examined remained unchanged regardless of zidovudine treatment status. Histopathology and virus distribution within lymph nodes remained constant between baseline and week 8 in each patient, indicating that the virologic and histologic parameters examined in a single lymph node are representative of a systemic process. Early antiretroviral monotherapy with zidovudine had no effect on virologic parameters in this group of patients with relatively high CD4 T lymphocyte counts and low measures of virus load at baseline.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cohen, OJ; Pantaleo, G; Holodniy, M; Fox, CH; Orenstein, JM; Schnittman, S; Niu, M; Graziosi, C; Pavlakis, GN; Lalezari, J; Bartlett, JA; Steigbigel, RT; Cohn, J; Novak, R; McMahon, D; Bilello, J; Fauci, AS

Published Date

  • April 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 173 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 849 - 856

PubMed ID

  • 8603962

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8603962

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1899

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/infdis/173.4.849


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States