Detection, characterization and functional assessment of reperfused Q-wave acute myocardial infarction by cine magnetic resonance imaging.
The capability of dynamic gradient-refocused magnetic resonance imaging (cine MRI) to detect, localize and functionally assess acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in 25 patients at a mean time interval of 7 days after AMI was evaluated. Fifteen asymptomatic volunteers were also examined to determine the specificity of the observations. Upon presentation, each patient received intravenous thrombolytic therapy, underwent immediate cardiac catheterization and had percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty performed when coronary reperfusion was absent. Twenty-four of the patients had documented coronary reperfusion at a mean interval of 259 +/- 129 minutes. Global ejection fraction and regional wall motion abnormalities were evaluated at 7 days by cine MRI, left ventriculography and radionuclide angiography. Twenty patients with both an absolute decrease in myocardial signal and a matched regional wall motion abnormality had AMI properly identified by cine MRI. In contrast, the finding of both decreased signal intensity and a matched regional wall motion abnormality was absent in the group of asymptomatic volunteers. The ejection fraction by cine MRI correlated better with the ejection fraction by left ventriculography (r = 0.94, standard error of the estimate = 3.6) than did the ejection fraction by radionuclide angiography (r = 0.82, standard error of the estimate = 5.8). The regional wall motion concordance rate in comparison to left ventriculography was similar for both cine MRI (69%) and radionuclide angiography (65%). These findings suggest that cine MRI may play an important role in the future detection and functional characterization of AMI.
Meese, RB; Spritzer, CE; Negro-Vilar, R; Bashore, T; Herfkens, RJ
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