Local equilibrium in heavy ion collisions: Microscopic model versus statistical model analysis

Journal Article

The assumption of local equilibrium in relativistic heavy ion collisions at energies from 10.7A GeV (AGS) up to 160A GeV (SPS) is checked in the microscopic transport model. Dynamical calculations performed for a central cell in the reaction are compared to the predictions of the thermal statistical model. We find that kinetic, thermal, and chemical equilibration of the expanding hadronic matter are nearly approached late in central collisions at AGS energy for t ≥ 10 fm/c in a central cell. At these times the equation of state may be approximated by a simple dependence P ≅ (0.12-0.15)ε. Increasing deviations of the yields and the energy spectra of hadrons from statistical model values are observed for increasing energy, 40A GeV and 160A GeV. These violations of local equilibrium indicate that a fully equilibrated state is not reached, not even in the central cell of heavy ion collisions at energies above 10A GeV. The origin of these findings is traced to the multiparticle decays of strings and many-body decays of resonances.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bravina, LV; Zabrodin, EE; Gorenstein, MI; Bass, SA; Belkacem, M; Bleicher, M; Brandstetter, M; Ernst, C; Hofmann, M; Neise, L; Soff, S; Weber, H; Stöcker, H; Greiner, W

Published Date

  • 1999

Published In

  • Physical Review C Nuclear Physics

Volume / Issue

  • 60 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 249041 - 2490414