Detailed mechanism of the autoxidation of N-hydroxyurea catalyzed by a superoxide dismutase mimic Mn(III) porphyrin: formation of the nitrosylated Mn(II) porphyrin as an intermediate.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The in vitro autoxidation of N-hydroxyurea (HU) is catalyzed by Mn(III)TTEG-2-PyP(5+), a synthetic water soluble Mn(III) porphyrin which is also a potent mimic of the enzyme superoxide dismutase. The detailed mechanism of the reaction is deduced from kinetic studies under basic conditions mostly based on data measured at pH = 11.7 but also including some pH-dependent observations in the pH range 9-13. The major intermediates were identified by UV-vis spectroscopy and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The reaction starts with a fast axial coordination of HU to the metal center of Mn(III)TTEG-2-PyP(5+), which is followed by a ligand-to-metal electron transfer to get Mn(II)TTEG-2-PyP(4+) and the free radical derived from HU (HU˙). Nitric oxide (NO) and nitroxyl (HNO) are minor intermediates. The major pathway for the formation of the most significant intermediate, the {MnNO} complex of Mn(II)TTEG-2-PyP(4+), is the reaction of Mn(II)TTEG-2-PyP(4+) with NO. We have confirmed that the autoxidation of the intermediates opens alternative reaction channels, and the process finally yields NO(2)(-) and the initial Mn(III)TTEG-2-PyP(5+). The photochemical release of NO from the {MnNO} intermediate was also studied. Kinetic simulations were performed to validate the deduced rate constants. The investigated reaction has medical implications: the accelerated production of NO and HNO from HU may be utilized for therapeutic purposes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kalmár, J; Biri, B; Lente, G; Bányai, I; Budimir, A; Biruš, M; Batinić-Haberle, I; Fábián, I

Published Date

  • October 14, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 38

Start / End Page

  • 11875 - 11884

PubMed ID

  • 22911446

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3507375

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1477-9234

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1039/c2dt31200j


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England