Smoking and anxiety in combat veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder: a review.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

There is growing evidence that smoking, and in particular heavy smoking, is prevalent in Vietnam combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. However, the pathways responsible for development and perpetuation of smoking in this clinical population have not been identified. Relevant smoking, substance abuse, and anxiety disorder research is reviewed. Although an association between smoking and PTSD has not been directly tested, there is evidence that such research is warranted. Suggestions for future research are offered.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Beckham, JC

Published Date

  • 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 103 - 110

PubMed ID

  • 10437991

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0279-1072

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/02791072.1999.10471731


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States