Essential role of an active-site guanine in glmS ribozyme catalysis.
The glmS ribozyme is a catalytic riboswitch that is activated for endonucleolytic cleavage by the coenzyme glucosamine-6-phosphate. Using kinetic assays and X-ray crystallography, we identify an active-site mutation of a conserved guanine that abolishes catalysis without perturbing coenzyme binding. Our results provide evidence that coenzyme function requires a specific nucleobase to interact with the nucleophile of the cleavage reaction.
Klein, DJ; Been, MD; Ferré-D'Amaré, AR
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