Vascularization with line-to-line trees in counterflow heat exchange


Journal Article

Here we report the heat and fluid flow characteristics of counterflow heat exchangers with tree-shaped line-to-line flow channels. The flow structures of the hot and cold sides are sequences of point-to-line trees that alternate with upside-down trees. The paper shows under what conditions the tree vascularization offers greater heat flow access than corresponding conventional designs with parallel single-scale channels. The analytical part is based on assuming fully developed laminar flow in every channel and negligible longitudinal conduction in the solid. The numerical part consists of simulations of three-dimensional convection coupled with conduction in the solid. It is shown that tree vascularization offers greater heat flow access (smaller global thermal resistance) than parallel channels when the number of pairing levels increases and the available pumping power or pressure drop is specified. When the solid thermal conductivity increases, the heat transfer effectiveness decreases because of the effect of longitudinal heat conduction. The nonuniformity in fluid outlet temperature becomes more pronounced when the number of pairing levels increases and the pumping power (or pressure drop number) increases. The nonuniformity in outlet fluid temperature decreases when the solid thermal conductivity increases. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zhang, H; Lorente, S; Bejan, A

Published Date

  • September 1, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 52 / 19-20

Start / End Page

  • 4327 - 4342

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0017-9310

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2009.03.064

Citation Source

  • Scopus