Maximum heat transfer rate density in two-dimensional minichannels and microchannels
Experimental investigations of the flow and the associated heat transfer were conducted in two-dimensional microchannels in order to test possible size effects on the laws of hydrodynamics and heat transfer and to infer optimal conditions of use from the measurements. The test section was designed to modify easily the channel height e between 1 mm and 0.1 mm. Measurements of the overall friction factor and local Nusselt numbers show that the classical laws of hydrodynamics and heat transfer are verified for e > 0.4 mm. For lower values of e, a significant decrease of the Nusselt number is observed, whereas the Poiseuille number continues to have the conventional value of laminar developed flow. The transition to turbulence is not affected by the channel size. For fixed pressure drop across the channel, a maximum of heat transfer rate density is found for a particular value of e. The corresponding dimensionless optimal spacing and heat transfer rate density are in very good agreement with the predictions of Bejan and Sciubba (1992). This paper is the first time that the optimal spacing between parallel plates is determined experimentally.