Applying the PRECIS criteria to describe three effectiveness trials of weight loss in obese patients with comorbid conditions.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


To characterize Practice-Based Opportunities for Weight Reduction (POWER) trials along the pragmatic-explanatory continuum.


The POWER trials consist of three individual studies that target obesity treatment in primary care settings.


Using the PRagmatic Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summary (PRECIS) criteria, nine reviewers independently scored each trial.


Average and median ratings, inter-rater reliability, and relationships to additional ratings of the extent to which study designs were explanatory (i.e., efficacy) versus pragmatic (i.e., practical) and related to external validity were determined.

Principal findings

One trial was consistently rated as being significantly more pragmatic than the others (R(2) =0.43, p< .001), although all three were in the moderate range on the PRECIS scales. Ratings varied across PRECIS dimensions, being most pragmatic on comparison condition and primary outcome. Raters, although undergoing training and using identical definitions, scored their own study as more pragmatic than the other studies/interventions.


These results highlight the need for more comprehensive reporting on PRECIS and related criteria for research translation. The PRECIS criteria provide a richer understanding of the POWER studies. It is not clear whether the original criteria are sufficient to provide a comprehensive profile.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Glasgow, RE; Gaglio, B; Bennett, G; Jerome, GJ; Yeh, H-C; Sarwer, DB; Appel, L; Colditz, G; Wadden, TA; Wells, B

Published Date

  • June 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 3 Pt 1

Start / End Page

  • 1051 - 1067

PubMed ID

  • 22092292

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3423177

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1475-6773

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0017-9124

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01347.x


  • eng