Adverse events associated with laparoscopy vs laparotomy in the treatment of endometrial cancer.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare adverse event rates between laparoscopic vs open surgery for endometrial cancer. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study comparing 107 women who underwent laparoscopy with 269 age- and body mass index-matched women who underwent laparotomy for treatment of endometrial cancer. RESULTS: Adverse event rates were similar between cohorts (37% laparoscopy vs 43% laparotomy, P=.248). Laparotomies had higher rates of cellulitis (16% vs 7%, P=.018) and open wound infection (9% vs 2%, P=.02), whereas laparoscopy had higher rates of sensory peripheral nerve deficit (5% vs 0%, P=.008) and lymphedema (7% vs 1%, P=.003). Laparoscopy was associated with longer mean operating room times but with shorter hospital stays and lower mean blood loss. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopy was associated with decreased rates of surgical site infections but had an increased risk of peripheral sensory nerve deficits and lymphedema when compared with laparotomy.
Barnett, JC; Havrilesky, LJ; Bondurant, AE; Fleming, ND; Lee, PS; Secord, AA; Berchuck, A; Valea, FA
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