Metabolism of 22-oxacalcitriol by a vitamin D-inducible pathway in cultured parathyroid cells.
Catabolism of 22-oxacalcitriol (OCT) in parathyroid cells was compared to that of the parent hormone, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3]. Catabolism of both compounds was greatly accelerated by pretreatment of the cells with 1,25-(OH)2D3 or OCT. The rate of degradation of OCT was slightly greater than that of 1,25-(OH)2D3. Excess unlabeled OCT or 1,25-(OH)2D3 inhibited metabolism of both tritiated substrates. Ketoconazole, a cytochrome P450 inhibitor, blocked catabolism of both compounds. The major OCT metabolite appeared to be 1,20-dihydroxy-22,23,24,25,26,27-hexanor-vitamin D3 which was not active in suppressing PTH secretion. We conclude that OCT appears to be metabolized by the same vitamin D-inducible side chain oxidation pathway that catabolizes other vitamin D compounds and that its higher than expected suppression of PTH secretion is not due to slower cellular metabolism.
Brown, AJ; Berkoben, M; Ritter, C; Kubodera, N; Nishii, Y; Slatopolsky, E
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