Management of depression in patients with coronary heart disease: association, mechanisms, and treatment implications for depressed cardiac patients.


Journal Article (Review)

Coronary heart disease (CHD) and depression are two leading causes of death and disability in the United States and worldwide. Depression is especially common in cardiac patients, and there is growing evidence that depression is a risk factor for fatal and nonfatal events in CHD patients.This paper reviews current literature of depression as a risk factor for CHD along with pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments for depression in cardiac patients.Readers will gain knowledge about the importance of depression as a CHD risk factor and learn the results of efforts to treat depressed CHD patients.Although randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of medication and non-pharmacologic therapies have not demonstrated that treating depression improves survival, there is evidence that treating depressed patients can reduce depressive symptoms and improve quality of life. Additional RCTs are needed, including evaluation of non-pharmacologic therapies such as exercise, to examine the effects of treatment of depression on medical and psychosocial outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, JT; Hoffman, B; Blumenthal, JA

Published Date

  • January 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 85 - 98

PubMed ID

  • 20715885

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20715885

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1744-7666

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1465-6566

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1517/14656566.2010.513701


  • eng