Analysis of resident-performed manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS): an efficacious approach to mature cataracts.
To examine and improve outcomes of resident-performed manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) cases via analysis of visual recovery, intraoperative adverse events, and early postoperative course. Particular focus was directed toward mature cataracts extracted by MSICS. A retrospective review was performed to identify MSICS cases performed by resident surgeons unfamiliar with the technique (initial ten cases) in an academic setting. Preoperative history, intraoperative adverse events, and postoperative course were reviewed. Of 30 cases identified, mean preoperative acuity was 1.8 ± 0.9 logMAR units (Snellen equivalent = 20/1262) improving to 0.20 ± 0.35 logMAR units (20/31) at final follow-up (p < 0.0001). Mean follow-up was 22.1 ± 19.0 days. The most frequent intraoperative adverse events were wound leak requiring intraoperative suturing (33 %), vitreous loss (6.7 %), and capsulorhexis radialization (6.7 %). Transient cornea edema was the most frequent (56.7 %) early postoperative minor complication. Two major complications occurred that required wound revision in one eye and iridoplasty in one eye. Of the 30 eyes undergoing surgery, 19 were noted to have mature cataracts. In this subset, mean acuity was 2.25 ± 0.64 logMAR units (20/3557) improving to 0.28 ± 0.42 logMAR (20/38) at final follow-up (p < 0.0001). Complications were similar in nature and frequency to the entire population in this subgroup. Supervised resident MSICS cataract surgery can result in excellent anatomic and visual outcomes. Appropriate wound construction is a frequently encountered difficulty, so particular attention should be directed to this step by both trainers and trainees.
DeCroos, FC; Chow, JH; Garg, P; Sharma, R; Bharti, N; Boehlke, CS
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